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Languages and Communities in Early Modern Europe


Zuletzt aktualisiert: 30 Jul 2004

Series: The Wiles Lectures

Peter Burke

University of Cambridge, 2004

ISBN-13: 9780521535861 | ISBN-10: 0521535867

In this magisterial new study, Peter Burke explores the social and cultural history of the languages spoken or written in Europe between the invention of printing and the French Revolution, arguing that, from a linguistic point of view, 1450 to 1789 should be regarded as a distinct period. One major theme of the book is the relation between languages and communities (regions, churches, occupations and genders as well as nations) and the place of language as a way of identifying others as well as a symbol of one's own identity. A second, linked theme is that of competition: between Latin and the vernaculars, between different vernaculars, dominant and subordinate, and finally between different varieties of the same vernacular, such as standard languages and dialects. Written by one of Europe's leading cultural historians, this book restores the history of the many languages of Europe in a large variety of contexts.

• Places the history of the many languages of Europe in their cultural, social and political contexts • Examines the relationship between languages and communities • Written by a renowned historian of international repute

Contents

Prologue: communities and domains;
1. 'Speak, that I may see thee': the discovery of language in early modern Europe;
2. Latin: a language in search of a community;
3. Vernaculars in competition;
4. Standardizing languages;
5. Mixing languages;
6. Purifying languages;
Epilogue: languages and nations; Appendix.

Reviews

'… a historian of the first rank, a prolific pioneer of the study of 'cultural history'. This typically brilliant survey of European languages between the invention of printing and the French Revolution began as a series of lectures at Queen's University Belfast … This is serious history deserving of a wide readership.' BBC History

'Peter Burke paints a broad canvas with assurance and virtuosity …' Times Higher Education Supplement

'This is a rich and illuminating book, full of insight and often surprising detail. Its strengths lie above all in its diversity - in Burke's ability to offer a close-up of, say, the colonial presence of Portuguese or the decline of Catalan, while also moving happily among a whole range of different languages and writers. … rewarding and insightful …' Journal of Multilingual & Multicultural Development